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Evaluation and Review


At the national level, the sustainable development strategy stipulates that every legislature two events will be organised on the implementation of the 2030ASD The first of these events took place in November 2017. All federal authorities have their own dedicated process for evaluation and review.


At the federal level the 2010 revision of the Act of May 1997 on Sustainable Development stipulates inter alia: (1) the duration and content of the planning and reporting cycle; (2) the composition of the Interdepartmental Commission on Sustainable Development; (3) the alternation in the focus of the Federal SD Report on current situation and policy evaluations and on SD long term forecasting; (4) the possibility for a new government to change the Federal Plan SD.

The original Act has been revised in July 2010. The revised Act calls for inter alia the development of a long-term vision for SD, based on which a new SD policy will be prepared that is deemed necessary to achieve the long-term objectives determined by the vision. This long-term Vision has to comprise goals for 2050, intermediary goals by decennia and indicators for monitoring progress of implementation. These elements of the vision have been agreed by the Federal government on May 17 2013 and are endorsed through a Royal Decree, as an implementation of Article 7bis of the Belgian Constitution and in view of Belgium’s international commitments on SD.

The 2010 revision of the Act of May 1997 on SD also takes into account lessons learned during previous reviews undertaken, as it:

• takes into account the changed international context related to SD, 

• promotes vertical integration by a stronger focus on cooperation among the various levels, 

• integrates the monitoring and reporting procedures as components of a coherent learning cycle, 

• reaffirms the Sustainability Impact Assessment procedure, 

• allows for increased flexibility in the development and implementation of future Federal Plans for SD, providing a new government with the possibility to change a plan during its life span. 


The 2010 Federal Act on SD puts forward two distinct provisions for internal review:

• The report by the members of the Interdepartmental Commission on Sustainable Development (ICSD), which contains Information on the implementation of the measures through which the administrative unit they represent aims to contribute to the objectives of the Federal Plan (FPSD). This report is to be completed at least 18 months prior to the agreed completion date of the FPSD. 

• The Federal Report on Sustainable Development, drafted by the Task Force on Sustainable Development (TFSD) of the Federal Planning Bureau (FPB). This is divided into two parts: a status and evaluation report and a foresight report looking at future developments. The status and evaluation report needs to be published at least 15 months prior to the completion date of the FP. 

The timing of submission of both reports (18 and 15 months prior to the completion date of the FP) is specifically decided to support and allow the integration of lessons learned into the design of the subsequent FPSD.

At the Flemish level evaluation is obliged through the Flemish decree for SD: the new Strategy for SD must incorporate an evaluation of the previous strategy.  The insights of the evaluation were taken as starting point for the third Strategy for SD, Vision 2050. There were several important findings and recommendations:

-       a long term strategy is important to tackle the challenges for SD

-       the principles of transition management are a good framework

-       a uniform approach for all transition processes is not appropriate, however focusing on a number of principles for SD is essential

-       focus on a few priorities, not an extensive list of actions

-       a unifying and guiding position for de third Strategy for SD is needed


Brussels-Capital Region

The draft of the Regional Sustainable Development Plan proposes a framework to assess the impact of its implementation on social, economic and environmental situation of the region.

Thematic evaluations, framed by considerations such as the nature of the measures, the type of beneficiaries and the objectives) on the priorities of the Regional Sustainable Development Plan will conducted. These evaluations will consist in measuring, at specific times , the effects of concrete actions and in assessing these effects through assessment criteria such as the effectiveness, efficiency and coherence.

According to the draft currently available, a comprehensive report published every 5 years will prepare the next Regional Sustainable Development Plan or partial changes in the one in force.


The evaluation of the Walloon sustainable development strategy is foreseen by decree: each new strategy must include an evaluation of the previous strategy. In order to follow-up the 100 actions of the SD strategy action plan, a monitoring report of the strategy has been adopted by the Walloon Governement in July 2018


This Country Profile has been last updated on: Friday, 13 December 2019

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