Government programmes and national implementation strategies for sustainable
development have continuously been assessed in the past 20 years. These
assessments have helped to improve the design and implementation of sustainable
Finland is committed to providing a
systematic, open, transparent, inclusive and participatory follow-up to and
review of the implementation of Agenda 2030 and its Sustainable Development
Goals and targets at all levels. Monitoring the progress and reviewing the
achievements on a regular basis is essential for ensuring accountability to the
Finnish society and the global community.
For the national process, there is an open online platform with 10 thematic
indicator baskets entailing approximately 50 indicators that are updated on a
yearly basis. Experts and the public can give their comments online on the
progress and chosen indicators. All data, trends and comments are compiled
every spring to be elaborated in a national “State and future of Sustainable
Development” –event organized by the Prime Minister’s Office in cooperation
with the National Commission on Sustainable Development
The National Audit Office
of Finland identified NAOF audits as part of the official
four-year monitoring and evaluation cycle. The government is committed to
submit a Voluntary National Review to the High Level Political Forum of the UN
every four years following this audit. Furthermore, the NAOF is currently
developing a model for integrating the Sustainable Development Goals as part of
all external auditing, which is also drawing international interest.
In 2018, the government commissioned
an independent and comprehensive evaluation of national sustainable development
policies. Three Finnish organisations worked on the evaluation: Demos Helsinki, the Helsinki
Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS) and the Finnish Environment
Institute (SYKE). The core research team also benefited from external support
from the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and the Stockholm
Environment Institute (SEI). The evaluation gave some key recommendations of
how future governments should move forward in order to achieve the 2030 Agenda.
The evaluation process is explained in more detail in the IIED publication “Evaluation to connect national
priorities with the SDGs”. Every year, all line ministries in Finland are
required to compile their policies and measures on the implementation of the
2030 Agenda into the government’s annual report to the parliament. According to
the National Audit Office report, the Government Annual Reports have provided a
comprehensive summary of the yearly policies and measures for the
implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Finland, compiling key areas, key actions
and actors. However, Annual Reports on the implementation have been rather
descriptive and entailed only little quantitative measures.
Government Report on the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for SD
The aim of this report is to address a carbon-neutral, resource-wise and
competent Finland where non-discrimination and equality is secured. In line
with the Government priorities, the implementation of Agenda 2030 in Finland
builds on two themes: To achieve a carbon-neutral and resource-wise
Finland. The focus should be on improving the energy, resource and material
efficiency and sustainably increase the share of renewable forms of energy.
Finland must produce environmentally friendly services and innovations, promote
their exports, and develop low-emission economic sectors and transport models.
secure non-discrimination, equality and a high level of competence in
Finland, Finland must prevent youth and long-term unemployment, exclusion of
various population groups, polarization of labour markets, and segregation of
living and residential areas. Finland must also reduce health disparities,
promote gender equality, support lifelong learning, and raise the level of
education and competence of the population. Non-discrimination includes equal
access to services at the different stages of ageing.
This Country Profile has been last updated on: Monday, 15 June 2020
For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.
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