In 2004, the German
Government reported for the first time on the progress of the GSDS and the
statistical status and development of the 21 targets and 38 indicators, which
were designed to make SD quantifiable.
In October 2008,
February 2012, and January 2017 further Progress Reports were adopted by the
Cabinet. All of them confirmed that SD remains a guiding principle for the
concrete political activities of the federal government. The reports explain
the governmental organisation in SD politics in detail and strengthen the
management of SD in German policy making. The sustainability management concept
of the strategy comprises the following elements:
* principles for sustainable development.
The principles for sustainable development summarise the guiding principles of
* Indicators and goals. 63 indicators with
- in most cases - quantified targets in 38 areas.
* Monitoring. Every four years a Progress
Report presents in detail the status of SD in Germany. The Progress Reports are
complemented by an indicator report, independently prepared by the Federal
Statistical Office every two years.
To improve SD
management, the State Secretaries’ Committee has gradually been strengthened
over the past years.
In further developing
the GSDS, the 2008 report covered four key-topics (climate/energy, resources,
demographic change/social opportunities, international food-crises) whereas the
2012 report focused on sustainable economic activity, climate and energy and
sustainable water policy. In addition to the key-topics, the reports assessed
the progress of the GSDS in a broad range of subjects. The 2012 Progress Report
was drafted in view of the UN-Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de
Janeiro and aimed presenting the status quo of SD in Germany. First milestones
for the Progress Report 2012 as well as a first draft report were published in
September 2010 respectively June 2011 and discussed in a broad, internet-based
public consultation: The range of topics of the new GSDS is broader than before
– as it is structured along the 17 SDGs. For each SDGs, particular challenges
for Germany are highlighted.
In 2009 and again in
2013, the German Federal Government mandated Björn Stigson, the (former)
President of the World Business Council for SD, and a group of peers to conduct
a Peer Review of Germany's SD policies. The first Peer Review Report, organised
by the Council for Sustainable Development on behalf of the government, was
handed over to Chancellor Angela Merkel on November 23, 2009, the second Peer
Review Report on September 25, 2013. A third Peer review has been published and
handed over to the Chancellor in June 2018. The group of experts was this time
chaired by Helen Clark, former Administrator of UNDP.
In 2009, 2013 and 2018
international experts brought their experiences
to bear on the opportunities and challenges for Germany's SD policies in an
All three reports
acknowledged Germany´s potential key position to spearhead the transition to a
more sustainable development and came up with a set of clear recommendations
addressing politics, the parliament, the business community and civil society.
The German Council for Sustainable Development facilitated all three reviewing
This Country Profile has been last updated on: Monday, 08 April 2019
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