The goals of the four areas of sustainable development in Estonia –
viability of the Estonian cultural space, growth of welfare, social cohesion
and ecological balance – have been defined in the national strategy “Sustainable Estonia 21” adopted in 2005. In the framework of sustainable development, all
those areas are observed as a whole, meaning that development cannot be
sustainable if one area improves while the situation in another area deteriorates.
In 2008 the Government Office prepared a report outlining the results of the implementation of “Sustainable Estonia
21”, the Estonian national strategy for sustainable development. The report
focused on the development trends that are important for Estonia in order to
describe the relevant issues from the perspective of sustainability. The
analysis was based on the set of indicators selected by the Government Office
and ministries and non-governmental organisations. The indicators selected have also served as the basis for the publication
“Säästva arengu näitajad".
Indicators of Sustainable Development” published by Statistics Estonia in 2009 and 2011. The new set of sustainable development indicators was approved by the Commission
for Sustainable Development in December 2013. New set of indicators was developed
and agreed in cooperation with National Commission for Sustainable Development,
inter-Ministerial Working Group for Sustainable Development, Statistics Estonia
and Government Office. Next publication, based on the new set of SD indicators was released in March 2015.
The renewal of sustainable development indicators will start in 2016. The aim is to enclose indicators that help to measure the achievements in the fields of SDG-s so the next indicator based reports on sustainable development will give information about performance in Estonian sustainable development goals and also global SDG-s. New list of indicators will be composed in cooperation of inter-ministerial working group, Estonian Statistics Office and Estonian Sustainable Development Commission.
The earlier publications of Statistics Estonia on sustainable
development – “Säästva arengu näitajad". Indicators of Sustainable Development”
published in 2002, 2004 and 2006 – were based on the list of sustainable development indicators of the
Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) and the UN Commission
on Sustainable Development. The list was linked to the chapters of Agenda 21.
There are more than 100 indicators (incl. 11 key indicators) with their
trends available on Eurostat’s web site for measuring progress towards the goals of the EU sustainable
development strategy both on the EU level and in individual Member States.
In the survey conducted in 2011–2012, Statistics Estonia mapped and analysed the
relevance and quality of the indicators of sustainable development used in
The full list(s) of indicators as identified by a study commissioned by Eurostat can be downloaded here:
This Country Profile has been last updated on: Tuesday, 31 May 2016
For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.
More information about Estonia