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Indicators and Monitoring


In 1998, the concept of SD was quite new in Romania. Thus, the Romanian NSDS was mainly aimed to introduce SD rather than specifying detailed objectives, actions and indicators. As a consequence, the NSDS only specifies some 13 preliminary indicators. The aim is to bring the SD indicators in line with the indicators developed by Eurostat. The indicators from the database are pursuing the objectives and ways of action established by the National Strategy for Sustainable Development on the horizon of 2013, 2020 and 2030, and are built on information available from the National Institute of Statistics, the Ministry of Environment and Climate Changes and institutions under its coordination or subordination and methodologies that are harmonized with the EU. The main function of the indicators is to meet the monitoring requirements expressed by the National Strategy for Sustainable Development, associated with the terms of the proposed targets, which in their turn are political commitments related to the strategic objectives of the sustainable development. In 2008, the National Institute of Statistics conducted a project in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Forests within a Eurostat grant. The aim of this project was to develop a set of national sustainable development indicators to monitor the objectives of the NSDS. This will also build a system for creating an institutional mechanism for monitoring, reporting and updating the NSDS, whose structures are in building up phase. The system integrates, within a pyramid structure, economic, social and environmental indicators, used to assess the three-dimensional evaluation of sustainable development in Romania. The database (SDIR) with SDI for Romania includes 103 indicators, with data series, available in the national statistical system since 2000, ranked as follows: level 1 - 19 indicators, level 2 - 37 indicators and level 3 - 47 indicators. The database will be updated and supplemented with other indicators as they will be developed and made available. The set of sustainable development indicators for Romania is divided into objectives of the National Sustainable Development Strategy, with an hierarchy on three levels:

  •      level 1: main indicators;
  •      level 2: complementary indicators, used to monitor and review sustainable development programs;
  •      level 3: progress indicators of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development of Romania, covering the range of policies it generates, including those not covered by the EU strategy

Thus defined, the set of indicators can be a solid base for the regular monitoring of progress in meeting the strategic objectives of sustainable development.
The SDI system in Romania is harmonized and congruent with the indicators used in the EU, following the basic pillars:

  •      architecture: hierarchical structure of topics, sub-themes, areas of intervention;
  •      associated concepts, definitions, classifications and nomenclatures;
  •      methods of calculation

In 2010, Ministry of Environment and Forests and the National Institute of Statistics by an Eurostat grant, conducted a project for developed a set of regional sustainable development indicators to monitor the objectives of the NSDS.

The database indicators were identified after analysing the existent indicators developed and used by Eurostat or those mentioned in other EU documents and political studies, as well as the National Sustainable Development Strategy. Therefore, these survey the target objectives and the plan of actions at the horizon of 2013, 2020, 2030, set by the National Sustainable Development Strategy and are built based on the information available at the National Institute of Statistics, the Ministry of Environment and Forests with the institutions subordinated to or coordinated by it and also the EU-harmonized methodologies.

The indicator functionality consists in understanding the territorial cohesion by measuring the strategy objectives and by providing information and supporting the policy-making process with respect to sustainable territorial development.

The database (SDIT) includes 46 indicators with data series available from 2005, structured into ten themes, as follows:

  • The knowledge society and economic and social development– 18 indicators
  • Sustainable consumption and production  – 9 indicators
  • Transport – 2 indicators
  • Conservation and management of natural resources – 3 indicators
  • Public health – 5 indicators
  • Living standard – 2 indicators
  • Social and territorial cohesion – 3 indicators
  • Good governance – 2 indicators
  • Tourism – 1 indicator
  • Local public utility  – 1 indicator

The full list(s) of indicators as identified by a study commissioned by Eurostat can be downloaded here:


This Country Profile has been last updated on: Monday, 27 May 2013

For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.


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