On July 19, 2006, Act 27/2006 of July 18 came into force, governing the
rights to access to information, public involvement and access to justice on
environmental matters. The Act, which adapts Spanish law to the Aarhus
Convention and Community legislation on the matter, incorporates a whole series
of legislative provisions designed to put into practice rights of access to
information, public participation and access to justice on environmental
On environmental matters, the convening of Sectoral Conference meetings enables coordination between the General State Administration and the
regional Administration, as well as smooth relations with the Spanish
Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (also present at the Sectoral
Conference), and also facilitates relations between the general and local
levels of Administration. The Sectoral Conference is the highest cooperation
body, comprising the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Environment (and the
State Secretary of Environment which is integrated in that Ministry, and the
heads of the environmental departments of the Autonomous Regions and cities of
Ceuta and Melilla, plus a representative of the Spanish Federation of
Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP).
The Environment Advisory Council (CAMA in Spanish), is the main
institutional channel for civic involvement in plans, projects, drafting and
monitoring of general environmental policy promoted by the Environment
Ministry. It was included in Act 27/2006. By turning this regulation into law,
its status has been raised, thereby endowing the body with greater stability.
Since 2004, the Council includes: 5 non-governmental environmental protection
organisations, 2 union organisations, 2 business organisations, 2 consumer and
user organisations, 3 professional farming organisations and the National Federation
of Fishermen´s Associations.
The main role of the Council includes issuing reports on draft laws and
royal decrees; advice on state plans and programmes, issuing of reports and
proposals on environmental matters, and coordination between public and private
The Climate National Council (Royal Decree
1188/2001) brings together several Ministries, the
Autonomous Communities (regional governments), the Spanish Federation of
Municipalities and Provinces, researchers, social partners and non-governmental
Its tasks are related with processing, monitoring and evaluating the
Spanish strategy of climate change, making proposals and recommendations for
defining policies and control measures against climate change adaptation measures
Natural Heritage and Biodiversity Council is the public participatory body in the field of nature conservation
and biodiversity. Its composition, functions and rules of procedure are
regulated through the Royal Decree 948/2009 modified by the Royal Decree
649/2011. Among other functions, the State Council informs the rules and plans
related to the natural heritage and biodiversity; takes note of the annual
reports on the situation of the Spanish Natural Heritage and Biodiversity;
encourages the dialogue and collaboration with administrations, institutions
and economic and social actors involved in the sustainable use of biodiversity;
and advise, when required, on technical and scientific matters in preparation
to international meetings on biodiversity conservation.
National Park Network Council (Act 5/2007 and Royal Decree 12/2008) for Environment
Minister and representatives of state administration, Autonomous Communities,
Local authorities, NGOs and presidents of boards of trustees of the national
Genetically Modified Organisms
Interministerial Council (Royal Decree 178/20) which
ensures the participation for representatives of industrial sectors,
ONGs, farming organisations and consumer organisations.
Waste Coordination Commission (Act 22/2011), gathers the General State
Administration, Autonomous Regions and Local Authorities.
Boards of Trustees of the National Park Net (Royal Decree
1760/1998), comprises representatives
of the General State Administration, Autonomous Regions , Local Authorities and
different social organisations and bodies.
National Biosafety Commission (Act 9/2003 Royal Decree 178/2004), representatives
of the General State Administration, Autonomous Regions and people and
institutions which are experts in the subject.
Technical Commission for Prevention and Reparation of Environmental
Decree 2090/2008), for representatives of the General State Administration,
Autonomous Regions and Local Authorities.
In order to ensure civil
society participation in other environmental matters, the Ministry organizes
meetings of a number of other participation bodies: the National Water Council,
River Basin Waters Councils, National Large Dams Committee, Inter-ministerial
Commission for Climate Change, National Woodlands Council, National Commission
for Nature Protection.
In addition, a meeting between
the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Environment and the Secretary of State
for the Environment on the one side with the most relevant environmental
NGOs present in Spain on the other, takes place every 45 days, to following-up the
state of Spanish environment.
a detailed documentation of all advisory and participatory councils (for SD and/or the environment) in this country,
please go to the EEAC website at For a detailed
documentation of all advisory and participatory councils (for SD and/or the
environment) in this country, please go to the EEAC website at http://www.eeac.eu/councils/spain and click on
one of the listed institutions. and click on one of the listed institutions.
This Country Profile has been last updated on: Friday, 03 October 2014
For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.
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