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National Implementation of 2030 Agenda for SD




In Italy, the National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) represents the main framework for the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The adoption of Law 221/2015 (Provisions to promote measures on Green economy and to limit the extensive use of natural resources) committed the Italian Ministry of Environment  to take proper actions and measures in different fields related to green economy and sustainable development. Article 3 of the same Law provides for the revision, every three years, of the NSDS. This recent law can contribute to depict a new pathway for the mainstreaming of sustainable development into national policies and programs. In particular, the renewed strategy for sustainable development aims at providing general guidelines to inform policies, programs and actions towards sustainable development and at meeting the challenges of the new global internationally agreed goals.


The NSDS, in line with Agenda 2030, is structured in five areas: People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership. Each area consists of a system of strategic choices: priority areas of action that are declined in national strategic goals. The NSDS integrates both the domestic and external dimensions of Agenda 2030. In particular, the Area “Partnership” includes the thematic, sectoral and geographical priorities for development cooperation and provides the framework for financial resources, in line with the Italian Cooperation's three-year Programming Document (approved every year by the Council of Ministers, Law 125/2014).


To ensure a sound basis to the Strategy, and, at the same time, to track SDGs’s implementation status, a mapping exercise has been developed, to assess where  Italy stands in relation to each goal and target of Agenda 2030 and to identify the key implementation challenges to be faced and the gaps to be bridged. Such challenges have been the basis on which the strategic goals have been mainly set.


The Ministry of Environment has led the process for the elaboration of the NSDS, adopting an integrated, balanced and inclusive approach, in line with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and Agenda 2030, to ensure consistency among different policies and an effective process of implementation. Indeed, a wide multi-level consultation process has been developed, it involves: all the Ministries, all the Regions and other relevant institutional actors; research institutions (among them CNR, ISPRA, ENEA, ISTAT); other important research and scientific body (more than 200 including universities, companies or scientific associations); NGOs (about 200); civil society.


The structure of the system of implementation and monitoring of NSDS and its institutional governance has now been drafted in preliminary methodological lines. Being an essential part of the strategy, the Ministry for Environment is now working in order to define and share it within the instrument of approval of NSDS. Regions are expected to be fully engaged in the declination of NSDS contents at their own territorial level.


The National Strategy for sustainable development can represent a crucial contribution for monitoring the achievements of the goals and ensuring the integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development. Following this approach, Italy submitted its candidature for the second round of Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) to be held during the 5th session of the High Level Political Forum in July 2017.




Leading Ministry and
respective unit


Ministry of the Environment

Other ministries involved


All Italian Ministries

Main contact point for the
implementation process



Giovanni Brunelli

Director - Division I

Directorate General for Sustainable Development, Environmental Damage, European Union and International Affairs



Links to main websites/
documents on national
implementation of the
2030 Agenda and SDGs

Voluntary National Reviews


This Country Profile has been last updated on: Friday, 11 December 2015

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