|Year of approval of the
SD strategy and updates
framework for a National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) was agreed
on in April 2014, however due to the adoption of the 2030ASD the NSDS has
been adjusted in September 2016.
Being a federal state, adopting and adjusting the NSDS required the
coordination between the Federal State, the Communities (Flemish, French and
German-speaking) and the Regions (Wallonia, Flanders and Brussels-Capital).
Art. 7bis of the Belgian Constitution establishes that every federal
entity is pursuing the objectives of a sustainable development, in its
social, economic and environmental dimensions, taking into account solidarity
between generations. The federal entities are on an equal footing but have
different competences. The implementation of the SDGs is therefore a shared
responsibility between these authorities taking into account their respective
To achieve the NSDS and promote
coherence in the implementation of sustainable development policy in Belgium,
an Inter-Ministerial Conference for Sustainable Development (IMCSD) was
established in 2012, gathering together the respective ministers in charge of
sustainable development and other relevant ministers like the minister of development
coordination and regional prime ministers. The updated NSDS was approved in
2017, following a civil consultation process with the relevant stakeholders.
It provides the umbrella framework for the main government stakeholders at
both federal and federated levels to combine their efforts to achieve the
SDGs. The NSDS sets out how the various authorities in Belgium should
cooperate and link their strategies to ensure that they are coherent with the
SDGs (UN-DESA, 2017).
As a federal state, Belgium also has a Federal
Strategy for Sustainable development and Regional Strategies for Sustainable
Development, which all have the same status.
The federal sustainable
development strategy is defined by the Act of May 1997, and revised in 2010. It
outlines a ‘report-plan-do-check-act-cycle’ and the mutually supporting roles
of three institutions to prepare, adopt, implement and improve SD Policies:
• The Interdepartmental Commission
for Sustainable Development (ICSD), which is in charge of the planning and monitoring part of the
process; supported since 2002 by the Federal Public Planning Service for SD, transformed in 2013 into the Federal Institute for Sustainable Development
• The Task Force
on Sustainable Development (TFSD) of the Federal Planning Bureau (FPB) in charge of the reporting part on current
situation and policy evaluations and on forecasting
• And the Federal
Council for Sustainable Development (FCSD), as the stakeholders advisory council, to organize the participation of
major groups to SD policy-making.
The 2010 revision of the Act of May 1997
defines a federal Long Term
Vision (LTV) on sustainable
development. This LTV was adopted by Royal Decree in 2013. It contains 55
long term (2050) objectives and proposes a set of indicators to report on the
progress towards reaching these objectives. The LTV is the reference
framework for the federal Strategy on SD and the activities of the
institutions defined in this Act.
The Act of May 97 also calls for the
preparation of Federal Plans for Sustainable Development and federal Reports
on Sustainable development.
As a consequence of the institutional setup of
Belgium, the objectives of the Federal Plan for Sustainable Development
(FPSD) only concern the federal and not the regional level. The first Federal
Plan for Sustainable Development (FPSD) was valid for the period 2000-04,
prepared by the TFSD of the FPB and further elaborated by the ICSD. The
second FPSD was scheduled to run from 2004-08 and prepared by the ICSD. This
second FPSD has been extended due to the revision of the Parliamentary Act of
May 1997 and remains the last FPSD to be adopted to date.the current
federal SD Plan. A draft of third plan had been prepared in 2008 but
first delayed: revising the Act in 2010 to simplify certain instruments led
to long discussions, and eventually cancellation because in 2011 the ICSD
needed time to prepare the LTV. As such it was not possible to update the
draft of the third plan. January 2016 a forth draft has been prepared by the
ICSD and presented presented to the federal government but not adopted. Currently
the fifth FPSD is being prepared on administrative level and will be
presented to the government, once a full-functioning federal government is in
Federal Reports on Sustainable Development
have been published from 1999 to 2019 by the Federal Planning Bureau and serve as a basis for the Federal Plans.
The reports are communicated to the federal minister in charge of SD, as well
as to the ICSD, the Council of Ministers, the legislative chambers, the
Federal Council for Sustainable Development (FCSD), the governments of the
regional authorities as well as to all official international organizations
which were established as a result of or were associated with the multilateral
SD Conferences. The last report “Which priority for sustainable
development ?” was published in June 2019. Belgium is committed to
achieving all global sustainable development goals (SDGs) by 2030. It
therefore assesses 51 indicators (17 more than in the previous report)
showing the evolution of Belgium towards the SDGs. Without new measures, many
of these objectives will not be achieved. The federal authorities have
implemented concrete actions related to sustainable development issues,
although there was no political impetus to achieve the SDGs. The reports are
publicly available and can be consulted on www.plan.be.
In September 2008, the Flemish government adopted a decree for SD. This
decree guarantees the continuation of a horizontal policy for SD and the
development of a strategy for SD every legislature.
The first Flemish strategy for SD was
developed in 2006, to a large extent based upon the thematic priorities of
the European SD strategy (EU SDS).The second Flemish strategy for SD was
adopted on 29 April 2011. Based upon the experiences and the intense revision
of the first strategy for SD, the second strategy for SD has resulted in a
strategic note with a long term vision and objectives that incorporate the
existing action plans of the Flemish Government (Flanders in Action, Pact 2020)
for the short and medium term. The idea being that an effective strategy for
SD should link, strengthen, inspire and align existing plans.
In March 2016, the Flemish Government
presented its new strategic outlook for the future: “Vision 2050: a long-term
strategy for Flanders”. This forward-looking policy document sets
out a vision for an inclusive, open, resilient and internationally connected
region that creates prosperity and well-being for its citizens in a smart,
innovative and sustainable manner. The third Flemish Strategy for SD is
integrated in this long term strategy. For this, the evaluation of the
previous Flemish Strategy for SD was taken into account.
Vision 2050 is supported by several key areas
of action (‘transition priorities’) initiated by the Flemish Government:
Lifelong learning and a dynamic professional career
Healthcare and welfare
Transport and mobility
The implementation of these transition
priorities will be cross-sectoral and in collaboration with innovators,
entrepreneurs and stakeholders. Therefore a new governance model was
developed, inspired by transition management principles.
Download the complete document ‘Vision 2050: a
long-term strategy for Flanders’ here.
In 2019, a preliminary set of 48 Flemish goals –
based on the SDGs - was agreed by the Flemish government. This set of 2030
goals for Flanders, called ‘Focus 2030’, will be measured by a set of region-specific
The Walloon Government
adopted in 2013 a decree on the Walloon sustainable development strategy that
foresees the elaboration of such a strategy every legislature and determines
its key elements (state of the art, vision, transition paths, action
This decree was amended on 30 April 2019 to
include the sustainable food strategy as one of the thematic transitions
necessary to achieve sustainable development and to foresee in the future the
definition of other thematic transitions to be included in the Walloon
strategy for sustainable development. The decree is now entitled "Decree
of 27 June 2013 on the Walloon strategy for sustainable development and
transition themes emanating from it".
According to the decree and following a first
strategy adopted in October 2013, the second Walloon sustainable development
strategy was adopted on the 7th of July 2016.
This second strategy aims at putting in
concrete form some paths of transition and contributes to the implementation
of the 2030 SD Agenda and the SDGs. It also aims at improving the social
responsibility and the exemplary nature of the public services in Wallonia.
The strategy includes 4 chapters:
The first chapter provides a long term vision by 2050 around the following
four axes: living in Wallonia, living in the world, living beyond 2050 and
governance. It gives direction to all the Walloon actors to continue the
transition to a sustainable development in Wallonia.
The second chapter consists in a diagnosis which describes the current
situation in Wallonia using 40 indicators.
The third chapter deals with short and mid-term objectives. Given the
international agenda, the SDGs are used in this framework.
The fourth chapter includes a focused action plan which complements other
existing and future plans such as the 4.0 Marshall plan (revival plan
developed for the Walloon economy) or the plan to fight poverty. It comprises
100 actions related to the shift in consumption and production patterns in
food, energy and resources and to cross-cutting tools such as participative
dynamics, information and awareness raising, education and research, social
responsibility of private and public organizations, sustainable public
procurement and involvement of Wallonia at the international level.
The Brussels Region has undergone profound changes and is now facing new
challenges such as rapid demographic growth, employment, training and
education, poverty, environment, mobility and internationalization.
On 5 December 2013, the Government adopted a
draft of the Regional Sustainable Development Plan. This plan is a strategic
tool to address the challenges mentioned above in a comprehensive and
coherent manner. It sets priorities to make the Brussels-Capital Region more
attractive, more inclusive socially, economically, more competitive, more
creative in research, greener and efficient in the use of energy and
Between 13 January and 13 March
2017, the Brussels Government held a public inquiry into the new draft of the
Regional Sustainable Development Plan (RSDP). It sets priorities to
make the Brussels-Capital Region more attractive, more inclusive socially and
economically, more competitive, more creative in research, and greener and
more efficient in its use of energy and resources
The Brussels-Capital Region
defined its vision for 2040 by adopting the Regional Plan for Sustainable
Development (RPSD) in July 2018. The regional plan for sustainable
development aims to provide an appropriate response to the above challenges
and concerns facing Brussels as a divers and dynamic urban area. The RSDP
defines the general framework to be considered when drawing up and
implementing relevant thematic plans/strategies. Among these thematic
Food Brussels”, Brussels Regional Programme for a Circular Economy, Nature Plan, Good Move
Plan, Innovation Plan, etc.
German speaking community
The Regional Development Concept (REK: Regionales Entwicklungskonzept) was
conceived as a long term strategy for the German-Speaking government, without
any kind of legal basis. The process was initiated in May 2008 with a
comprehensive stock-taking and regional analysis, whereby the strengths and
weaknesses, chances and challenges of the DG were closely examined. On the
basis of this study, strategic approaches and concrete recommendations were
then identified in a wide-ranging round of talks with the key stakeholders.
The results of this participatory dialogue were crystallized into a mission
statement which characterized the DG as a Frontier Region, an Economic
Region, a Learning Region, a Caring Region and a Living Region. The mission
statement was published as REK volumes 1 and 2. In September 2019 the
third REK was published and contains the sustainable development goals for
the region for the period 2019-2024.
|Type of SD strategy
The national SD strategy has long term goals inspired by the 2030ASD which are pursued by all federal
authorities. It provides coherence for strategies elaborated by every Belgian
The federal SD strategy is a ‘report-plan-do-check-act-cycle’
governed by law. It outlines a program of measures (Federal Plan SD) the
Federal Government has to implement in view of its international and European
engagements relating to sustainable development, as well as to the objectives
contained in the long-term vision for SD. It focusses on interdepartmental
cooperations between federal ministries.
The Flanders SD strategy is a long-term strategy which focuses on
several key areas of action initiated by the Flemish Government: the seven
transition priorities. It endorses the 17 SDG’s.
The Wallonia SD strategy is a long-term and broad strategy which
includes a more targeted action plan, focused on changing consumption and
production patterns in 3 fields (food, energy and resources) and on
cross-cutting tools. It complements other existing and future Walloon global
or sector-specific plans.
The Brussels-Capital Region strategy
The regional sustainable
development plan integrates the three dimensions of the sustainable
|Lead ministry/institution in
the SD strategy process
Conference for Sustainable Development (IMCSD) – gathering the respective
ministers in charge of SD and other relevant ministers like the minister of
development coordination and regional prime ministers was established in 2012. This SD
interministerial conference has been mandated to follow-up the implementation
of the Agenda in Belgium including by coordinating the preparation of reports
on progress made and challenges faced. The presidency used to rotate between
the members on a half-year base but to ensure coherence since 2016 the
rotation will happen on an annual base. At this moment Flanders has taken up
the presidency. After 2017, however, IMCSD work at the political level has
come to a standstill.
The fruitful interactions of
the above mentioned ICSD, TFSD and FCSD in the short and long run are placed
under the authority of the Minister or Secretary of State on Sustainable
Development, supported by the Federal Institute for
Sustainable Development (FISD – formerly known as Federal Public Planning Service for SD).
Institute for Sustainable Development
Cédric Van de Walle (coordinator strategy & planning)
phone: +32 (2) 501 04 69
Federal Planning Bureau, Task force Sustainable development
Alain Henry (coordinator)
phone: +32 (2) 507 74 76
Flemish Government, Department of Public Governance and the Chancellery,
Sustainable Development Unit
Ilse Dries (Director)
Boudewijnlaan 30, bus 20, room 7A17
Tel. 02-553 54 44 - Fax 02-553 59 59
directorate on Sustainable Development was set up in July 2012 by the Walloon
Government. It is under the General Secretariat of the Walloon
Directorate of Sustainable
Public Service of Wallonia - Secretariat General
Place Joséphine Charlotte, 2
5100 Jambes (Namur)
Natacha ZUINEN (Head of
phone: +32 (0) 81.321.543
The Brussels-Capital region
Anne SAUDMONT Bruxelles
Environnement - IBGE
Div. Information, Coordination générale, Economie circulaire
Département international et juridique
Site de Tour & Taxis
Avenue du Port 86C/3000 B-1000 Bruxelles
phone : +32 (2) 563.43.93
The German speaking community
Daniel Hilligsmann (Berater)
Regierung der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft
Kabinett des Ministerpräsidenten, Oliver Paasch
Postanschrift: Klötzerbahn 32, B-4700 Eupen
Amtssitz des Ministerpräsidenten: Gospertstraße 42, B-4700 Eupen
Tel. +32 (0)87 789 631, Fax +32 (0)
87 786 722
Internet: www.oliver-paasch.be / www.dglive.be
|Link to the SD strategy
Long Term Vision for Sustainable Development
for Sustainable Development 2004-2008
A long-term strategy for Flanders
indicators in the National Country Report of Belgium (2019)
The full list(s) of NSDS objectives as identified by
commissioned by Eurostat can be downloaded here:
|Further information about
the SD strategy process
Link to FPS
Sustainable Development in Wallonia
-- Back to overview --
National Implementation of 2030 Agenda for SD
SDGs implementation will occur
through existing mechanisms of the federal strategy for sustainable development
and a dedicated implementation plan to broaden the commitments. The existing
Interdepartmental Commission on SD (ICSD) will be the platform to implement the
SDGs in the existing instruments:
- The long-term vision
on SD exists since 2013 and encompasses 55 goals towards 2050, the ICSD will match this with the new
SDGs so as to create synergies.
- The Federal Plan for
SD coordinates action between the different Federal Ministries (officially known
as Federal Public Services) for the following five years, it will take into
account the SDGs.
- A mapping exercise of the
federal policy has been conducted in 2016, followed by a gap analysis in 2017
with a view to anchoring each SDG target within a Federal Ministry or at the
level of subnational governments.
reports from the ICSD will contribute to the follow up and review of the SDGs :
last Report published in April 2019 presents how the
federal public services are contributing to the SDGs.[vdWC1]
- The Federal
reports on SD, from the Federal Planning Bureau will also contribute to the follow
up and review of Agenda 2030, through their database of SD indicators and work
on policy evaluation tools.
- Furthermore the
Federal Ministries (officially known as Federal Public Services) will be
stimulated and supported to implement the SDGs in their operations and policy
by an array of tools (SD objectives in their own action plan, public
procurement procedures etc.).
- Finally, the advisory
body (Federal Council for sustainable development) composed of representatives
from civil society organizations will also review the progress towards SDGs.
The SDGs also touch on
subnational competences, as such the already existing Interministerial
Conference on Sustainable Development (IMCSD) is reinvigorated to enhance
cooperation within the Belgian framework. One of the themes of this IMCSD will
be the implementation of the SDGs in the National Strategy on SD. Whereas the
interaction with the European and multilateral level is concerned, existing
coordination platforms for political and strategic orientation (e.g. Coormulti
and DGE) will continue serve as mechanisms to determine the common Belgian
position by taking on board the positions of the federal and federated entities.
In terms of external action,
the Belgian development cooperation focuses especially on the needs of LDCs and
fragile states/environments. At least 50% of ODA should be channeled towards
LDC’s and fragile states and, accordingly, 12 out of 14 partner countries of
the Belgian development cooperation are LDCs. 13 out of the 14 partner
countries are African countries and 10 of the 14 countries are considered by
the OECD as (extremely) fragile states.
Furthermore, Belgium works
through SDG references in multi-annual cooperation arrangements with
multilateral partner organizations, and through multilateral efforts to make
the whole UN development system more « fit for purpose ». Thematic
priorities across the board in the Belgian international development efforts in
support of Agenda 2030 will be a right-based approach and inclusive,
Flanders endorses all 17 SDG’s
of the United Nations in its Vision 2050, the long term strategy of the Flemish
Government. The 7 transition priorities (implementation of the long term
strategy) will contribute to accomplishing the SDG’s on the subnational level.
This will mainly be monitored by existing structures. However, a new governance
model, based upon the principles of the transition management approach, was
conducted. Hereby responsible ministers were designated for each transition
priority. Besides the responsible ministers, transition managers within the
Flemish public administration were appointed.
Flanders introduced an SDG
lens into its new, multiannual Country Strategy Papers and held a stakeholders
consultation moment on the 18th of April 2016 within a broader exercise to
adapt its development cooperation policy to the new paradigm of the 2030 ASD.
The 2nd Walloon Sustainable
Development Strategy, adopted on 7 July 2016, aims to implement SDGs at the
regional level along with other global or sectoral policies and plans. This
Strategy fully integrates the SDGs adopted at UN level 10 months before the
adoption of the strategy. The long-term vision of the strategy "reflects a
region in which all 17 Sustainable Development Goals adopted at the UN Summit
will be achieved". SDGs are also presented as the short and medium term
objectives for Wallonia in terms of sustainable development, and the axes of
the action plan are related to SDGs. Specific actions of the Strategy are
dedicated to monitor SDGs and to raise awareness about the 2030 Agenda.
Concerning monitoring, the Walloon Government has adopted its first SDGs’
implementation report in April 2017. It includes an inventory of the Walloon
strategies, programs and plans that contribute to achieving the SDGs, an
analysis of 70 indicators selected to monitor SDGs in Wallonia and a set of
good practices implemented by Walloon public institutions, civil society and
the private sector. An update of the list of indicators is being carried
out for a publication planned for the autumn of 2019. In addition to the
temporal update of the data, some indicators are added to offer a better views
of the progress of Wallonia towards SDGs.
Concerning awareness raising, as SDGs were not yet sufficiently known in
Wallonia, the Sustainable Development Directorate has defined a communication
strategy focused on SDGs and three priority target groups: local authorities,
businesses, young people (aged between 15 and 20). It includes the production
of tools (including visual aids and/or methodological guides and video capsules
adapted to each audience), events and the facilitation of networking of actors,
as well as devices for making SDG actions and good practices more visible. For
more details, see the web
Finally the Walloon
government has decided to include in each draft decision a chapter
explaining to which SDGs the decision will contribute.
The Brussels-Capital Region has undergone
profound changes and is now facing new challenges, such as rapid demographic
growth, access to housing, access to employment, training and education,
functional and social diversity, poverty, environment, mobility and
internationalisation. Between 13 January and 13 March 2017, the Brussels
Government held a public inquiry into the new draft of the Regional Sustainable
Development Plan (RSDP). It sets
priorities to make the Brussels-Capital Region more attractive, more inclusive
socially and economically, more competitive, more creative in research, and greener
and more efficient in its use of energy and resources.
|Leading Ministry and
Interministerial Conference for Sustainable Development (IMCSD) – gathering
the respective ministers in charge of SD and Development Cooperation of the
different authorities – was established in 2012. This IMCSD
has been mandated to follow-up the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in
Belgium including by to coordinating the preparation of reports on progress
made and challenges faced. See also the relevant SD institutions already
|Other ministries involved
||[No information available]
|Main contact point for the
segment dealing with “Lead ministry/institution in
the SD strategy process”.
|Links to main websites/
documents on national
implementation of the
2030 Agenda and SDGs
www.sdgs.be· National Policy
Belgium submitted a VNR in 2017
-- Back to overview --
Mechanisms of Vertical Integration
National — sub-national linkages
the context of the national strategy for sustainable development adopted in
2017, technical working groups with representatives of each level of governance
are set-up to prepare the decision of the Interministerial Conference for
Sustainable Development. There is one administrative steering group, a working
party on NSDS, a working party on sustainable public procurements and a working
party on international policy.
On the level of local governments, Local Agenda 21 initiatives have been
developed by numerous municipalities. The municipalities also receive support of their respective regional
government to boost sustainable development.
Wallonia, the Walloon Region has organised training sessions for local
authorities in order to integrate SDGs in their “strategical transversal
plans”. Dedicated tools are available for helping them implementing SDGs in
their policies and projects (see chapter SDGs).
Flanders, VVSG, the Flemish Association of Cities and Munipalities [vdWC1] launched a large series of initiatives. Recently, three actions are
put at the forefront :
· Awareness raising video ‘We the mayors for the SDGs’. Flemish mayors explain
in clear language (and in their own dialect) what the SDGs are about. Available
in English and French.
• Update of the publication ‘Local
support for global challenges’. For each SDG, we give some examples of local
actions and we add good local practices. Available in English.
• Publication The SDGs in municipal
international cooperation. SDG 17 with a focus on international partnerships
and solidarity is a crucial element of the Agenda 2030. This publication gives
examples and ideas on how to integrate the SDGs into international cooperation
between local governments. The publication is available in English and Spanish
and soon also in French.
the context of the 2009 review of the EU-SDS Belgium has actively participated
in the Friends of the Presidency meetings.
2010 Federal Act on SD extends the duration of the new FPSD from four to five
years to better match with the respective EU and regional legislation cycles.
first Flemish strategy for SD was
based on the European Strategy for SD (EU SDS).
the interaction with the European and multilateral level is concerned, existing
coordination platforms for political and strategic orientation (e.g. Coordination
Multilateral - Coormulti and DG Europe - DGE) will continue to serve as mechanisms
to determine the common Belgian position by taking on board the positions of
the federal and federated entities
renewed EU Strategy for Sustainable Development (EU SDS), adopted in June 2006,
foresees that Member States bi-annually report about how they address the
priorities of the EU SDS. Belgium has published its first national report on implementing the EU SDS in
June 2007. In the context of the 2009 review of the EU-SDS Belgium has actively
participated in the Friends of the Presidency meetings.
Federal Act on SD extends the duration of the new FPSD from four to five years
to better match with the respective EU and regional legislation cycles.
Flemish strategy for SD was based on
the European Strategy for SD (EU SDS).
-- Back to overview --
Mechanisms of Horizontal Integration
At the national level, an administrative steering group under authority of
the Interministerial Conference for Sustainable Development is in charge for
the supervision of technical working groups’ activities.
the federal level, horizontal
coordination is undertaken through the Interdepartmental Commission on
Sustainable Development (ICSD) and through the sustainable development units
(SDU) created in the respective federal administrations. Additional
institutions involved are the Task Force on Sustainable Development (TFSD) of
the Federal Planning Bureau (FPB), the Federal Institute for Sustainable
Development (IFSD) and the Federal Council for Sustainable Development (FCSD).
The ICSD as mechanism of
horizontal policy coordination is responsible for:
• preparation of the preliminary draft and
the draft of the
Federal Plan (FPSD);
• coordination of the development and update
of the Long-term
Vision for SD;
coordination of the report by
its members which provides information
about the implementation of the measures through which each administration has
contributed to the objectives of the FPSD;
of policy regarding sustainable
development (e.g. through working groups on public procurements, CSR,
international policy, …).
Reference can be made to various outcomes of the mechanisms for horizontal
policy coordination, inter alia the Federal Plans for Sustainable Development;
Action plans in line with the FP from the SD units of the various federal
administrations; opinions by the FCSD; reports by the members of the ICSD; and
evaluation reports of the FPB.
to those institutions, the Sustainable Impact Assessment (SIA) tool has been
integrated in a Regulatory
Impact Assessmentsince the January 2014. The
long term vision for sustainable development gave the structure to new ex ante
impact assessment tool and the past experience of the SIA has been taken into
account to improve the quality of the process. More information here
the Flemish level, horizontal
integration is undertaken through the Working Group on Sustainable Development
(WGSD) consisting of representatives of the different Flemish departments.
There are two groups: one on policy and one on implementation. The Flemish
sustainable development policy is the main topic of the first working group.
The implementation working group exchanges good examples and inspires the
implementation of sustainable behaviour and practices inside the Flemish
administrative organisations. Besides this, a centre of expertise on
sustainable development is being formed, in which more Flemish entities are
far as the Brussels-Capital Region is concerned, the Brussels Office of
planning (“Bureau Bruxellois de la planification”) is in charge of the design
and monitoring of studies and strategic development plans, included the
Regional Sustainable Development Plan. The draft foresees as well the
establishment of a support committee to support and stimulate the process.
the Walloon level, horizontal integration is undertaken mainly through
the implementation of the SD strategy. Indeed the strategy is the project of
the whole Government and its implementation is under the responsibility of
different Ministers and administrations each of them being in charge of the
implementation of specific measures within the action plan.
-- Back to overview --
Evaluation and Review
At the national level, the
sustainable development strategy stipulates that every legislature two events
will be organised on the implementation of the 2030ASD The first of these
events took place in November 2017. All federal authorities have their own
dedicated process for evaluation and review.
The Interministerial Council on
Sustainable Development has been mandated to follow-up the implementation of
the Agenda in Belgium by coordinating the preparation of reports on progress
made and challenges faced twice per legislature.
Federal reports on SD, from the Federal Planning Bureau will also contribute to
the follow up, review of Agenda 2030, through their database of SD indicators,
and work on policy evaluation tools.
the advisory body (Federal Council for sustainable development) composed of
representatives from civil society organizations will also review the progress
the national level, apart from the Voluntary National Review that was presented
at the HLPF 2017, the Inter-Ministerial Conference for Sustainable Development
(IMCSD) organized an event in the framework of the National Sustainable
Development Strategy that discussed progress of the 2030 Agenda in Belgium.
At the federal level the 2010 revision of the Act of May 1997 on
Sustainable Development puts forward two distinct provisions for internal
The report by the members of the Interdepartmental Commission on
Sustainable Development (ICSD), which contains Information on the
implementation of the measures through which the administrative unit they
represent aims to contribute to the objectives of the Federal Plan (FPSD). This
report is to be completed at least 18 months prior to the agreed completion
date of the FPSD.
• The Federal Report on Sustainable Development, drafted by the Task
Force on Sustainable Development (TFSD) of the Federal Planning Bureau (FPB).
This is divided into two parts: a status and evaluation report and a foresight
report looking at future developments. The status and evaluation report needs
to be published at least 15 months prior to the completion date of the
The timing of submission of both reports (18 and
15 months prior to the completion date of the FP) is specifically decided to
support and allow the integration of lessons learned into the design of the
At the Flemish
level evaluation is obliged through the Flemish decree for SD: the new
Strategy for SD must incorporate an evaluation of the previous strategy.
The insights of the evaluation were taken as starting point for the third
Strategy for SD, Vision 2050. There were several important findings and
a long term strategy is important to tackle the challenges for SD
the principles of transition management are a good framework
a uniform approach for all transition processes is not appropriate, however
focusing on a number of principles for SD is essential
focus on a few priorities, not an extensive list of actions
a unifying and guiding position for de third Strategy for SD is needed
The draft of the Regional Sustainable
Development Plan proposes a framework to assess the impact of its
implementation on social, economic and environmental situation of the region.
Thematic evaluations, framed by considerations
such as the nature of the measures, the type of beneficiaries and the
objectives) on the priorities of the Regional Sustainable Development Plan will
conducted. These evaluations will consist in measuring, at specific times , the
effects of concrete actions and in assessing these effects through assessment
criteria such as the effectiveness, efficiency and coherence.
According to the draft currently available, a
comprehensive report published every 5 years will prepare the next Regional
Sustainable Development Plan or partial changes in the one in force.
The evaluation of the Walloon sustainable
development strategy is foreseen by decree: each new strategy must include an evaluation
of the previous strategy. In order to follow-up the 100
actions of the SD strategy action plan, a monitoring report of the strategy has been adopted by the Walloon Government in March 2020.
-- Back to overview --
Indicators and Monitoring
At the national level,
the Interfederal Institute for Statistics has created a working group on
indicators to monitor the implementation of the SDG’s. In a first step, the
working group has provided an inventory of existing indicators in Belgium
(at the federal, regional and community levels) that correspond to the UN
proposed indicators to monitor sustainable development goals. This working
group will continue its task in 2018, with the goal of organising a database of
SDG indicators for Belgium and its regions. As a preview, the working group has
prepared the statistical annex of the Voluntary National Review,
presented in July at the UN-General Assembly. This annex included 34 indicators
(2 per SDG) and their disaggregation by sex, age, income level, education, etc.
These indicators are available on https://www.indicators.be/en/t/SDG/.
accordance with the act of March 2014, a new annual statistical report on
indicators "beyond GDP" is published yearly by the National Accounts
Institute (NAI) and the FPB. According to the law, these indicators must
measure the quality of life, the human development, the social advancement and
the sustainability of the economy in Belgium. The 67 selected indicators are
grouped by the 17 SDGs and when possible to the LTV. This report also updates
the composite indicator to measure well-being 'Here and now‘. In addition, this
indicator is presented for various population categories: by sex, age and
income. It should be completed in the forthcoming updates by composite
indicators for the two other dimensions of sustainable development, ’Later‘ and
’Elsewhere‘. The 2019-report shows that the well-being of Belgians fell after
the 2008 crisis. It improves in 2016 and 2017. But this recent improvement is
not shared by everyone.
the federal level, the 2010 Federal Act on SD stipulates that within the
development of the long-term vision, indicators must be used to assess whether
the objectives are achieved. Sustainable development indicators are
published by the Task Force on Sustainable Development (TFSD) of the Federal
Planning Bureau (FPB) as part of the Federal Reports on Sustainable
Development. The latest set, updated in December 2017, was conducted on the
basis of the 34 indicators of the statistical annex of the Voluntary National
Review. These 34 indicators are part of a larger set of about eighty
indicators, published on the web site with SD indicators (www.indicators.be).
Its review of the UN list of 232 SDG indicators
found that about 100 of them are readily available for Belgium. These will be
progressively incorporated into a comprehensive inter-federal SDG follow-up and
review mechanism. Some indicators will be adapted to better reflect the Belgian
context. The statistical annex of the VNR included a list of 34 indicators (2
per SDG) that will be extended in the future. More indicators are announced and some are published on indicators.be.
Interdepartmental Commission on Sustainable Development (ICSD) and the public
services monitor the implementation of the Federal Plan measures. The analysis
of these data by the TFSD resulted in the construction of an indicator on the
the Flemish level there is the
Research Centre of the Flemish Government which publicises an overview of
regional indicators (VRIND), every year. Some indicators can be related to SD.
In 2016 this Centre prepared the sdg-indicators and they are an active member
of the Interfederal Institute on Statistics.
Focus 2030 together with the corresponding Flemish set of indicators, formally approved by the Government of
Flanders on the 5th of April 2019, is dynamic and evolutive and so it is being
further developed and adjusted according to (new) long-term Flemish policy
plans or new developments in the EU-approach on the SDGs. This dynamic approach
is necessary as many of the objectives from the 2030 ASD are set out in
long-term sectoral policies that are being drawn up. We have chosen to let
these plans follow their own development path. Following the adoption of these
long-term policy plans, their 2030 objectives will form an integral part of
Focus 2030 and thus complete it. The 2030 objectives framework and the
associated indicators are thus adjusted on the basis of these (new) long-term
policy plans and after evaluation by the Government of Flanders.
The Flemish set of indicators, based on the
EUROSTAT and Flemish public statistics frameworks is also being further
developed to monitor the implementation of Focus 2030. For a number of Flemish
2030 objectives, no indicators are available yet in the Flemish Public
Statistics or new indicators need to be developed. As the list of Flemish
Public Statistics is revised annually, statistics can be added (or omitted) at
a later date. For any proposal to change the set of indicators feedback is
given via the working group between Ministers' offices before making any
changes. For a number of relevant indicators that are not yet available at the
Flemish level, contact has been made with the actors involved to see to what
extent these indicators can be broken down and used regionally.
The monitoring of Focus 2030 through the
reporting of the adjusted Flemish set of indicators, is planned once a year
alongside the September Statement of the Flemish Government.
The draft of the Regional
Sustainable Development Plan proposes a framework to monitor the implementation
of actions included in the plan. Indicators will be defined by each
public administration or agency in order to monitor the implementation of the
actions foreseen in the Regional Sustainable Development Plan, and follow step
by step its achievements. These indicators are limited to operational measures
and differ from those used in the framework of the evaluation. This approach
implies to establish a process for gathering information, reporting and
analyzing the state of play of the actions included in the plan. All
public administration or agencies in charge of one or more measures will report
the evolution of their implementation, both the achievements made and the
results obtained. These information and monitoring data are an essential
source for the evaluation exercise.
the Walloon level, a list of
sustainable development indicators has been elaborated for the diagnosis of the
SD strategy. They reflect the economic, environmental and social trends in
Wallonia and help report on the transition of Wallonia to a sustainable
Furthermore, the SD strategy foresees the elaboration of a report on the
implementation of the SDGs in Wallonia every 3 to 4 years and for the 1st time
The Walloon Government has adopted its first SDGs’ implementation report in
April 2017. It includes an inventory of the Walloon strategies, programs and
plans that contribute to achieving the SDGs, an analysis of 70 indicators
selected to monitor SDGs in Wallonia and a set of good practices implemented by
Walloon public institutions, civil society and the private sector. The
indicators presented in this report are updated and a new publication is scheduled
in autumn 2019 to assess the progress of the Region in its transition to
sustainable development. The latest report analyzing
the regional progress towards SDGs was published in 2020. The indicators-set is
composed of 80 indicators related to environmental, social, economic, and
governance issues. The report presents the temporal evolutions of these
indicators and makes recommendations drawn up by academic experts in order to
improve the monitoring process of SDGs in Wallonia. More information can be
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At the national level, the updated Framework for a National Strategy for
Sustainable Development will be submitted to advisory councils of the federal
At the federal level the 2010 Federal Act on SD describes the following
consultation provisions linked to the preparation of the new FP:
• The Interdepartmental
Commission on Sustainable Development (ICSD) is responsible for preparing a
preliminary draft of the SD plan, which is then subjected to a legally
mandatory consultation of the population. During the 60 days consultation, the
Federal Council for Sustainable Development (FCSD) has to formulate its opinion
on the preliminary draft plan.
• The scope and method
for consulting the population is decided by the Minister on the basis of a
proposal by the ICSD.
• The ICSD subsequently
has 60 days to examine the FCSD opinion and the feedback from the consultation
and to prepare a draft of the new plan.
• The draft plan is
submitted then to the government. The government has to state the reasons for
deviating from the FCSD’s unanimous opinions.
The Federal Council for
Sustainable Development (FSCD) plays a central role, as it
• expresses opinions on
measures related to the federal and European sustainable development policy
implemented by the federal government; provides a forum for exchange of views;
proposes scientific research and stimulates the active participation of public
and private sector organizations as well as the wider public;
• performs these missions
at the request of the federal ministers and the legislative chambers or on its
· Participated in the creation
of the Voluntary National Review and the NSDS
regards to the outcome of the consultations undertaken to date, there has been
a wide response from experts and civil society in the preparation of the
Federal Plans in 2000, 2004, 2008. In addition, there is a large body of
opinions issued by the FCSD on the federal policy for sustainable development,
whether at the request of the federal ministers or on its own initiative
(available on http://www.cfdd.be)
the Flemish level, the Decree on
Sustainable Development states that sustainable development is an inclusive,
participatory and coordinated process. The current Government of Flanders
decided to integrate the third VSDO in Vision 2050. Vision 2050 was
developed through a participatory process. In this process several departments
and agencies were involved. In addition, two meetings with stakeholders were
held (in total 140 participants). The objectives of the meetings were: (1) to
inform the stakeholders about the content and the process, (2) to create a
shared vision through feedback and input from the stakeholders, and finally (3)
to appoint transition priorities for Flanders. Finally a formal request for
advice to the Strategic Advisory Councils was made.
involvement has for a long time been a key point in Flanders. Flanders has
experience with participation in the transition process of sustainable housing
and living. Transition arena’s offer stakeholders the opportunity to
participate. Participation has an essential role in the implementation of
In Brussels-Capital Region
13 January and 13 March 2017, the Brussels Government held a public inquiry
into the new draft of the Regional Sustainable Development Plan (RSDP).
It sets priorities to make the Brussels-Capital Region more attractive, more
inclusive socially and economically, more competitive, more creative in
research, and greener and more efficient in its use of energy and resources
The Brussels-Capital Region defined
its vision for 2040 by adopting the Regional Plan for Sustainable Development
(RPSD) in July 2018. The regional plan for sustainable development aims to
provide an appropriate response to the above challenges and concerns facing
Brussels as a divers and dynamic urban area.
In Wallonia, the decree on the Walloon SD strategy foresees the stakeholder
participation in the elaboration, implementation and follow up of the SD
strategy. In the framework of the elaboration of the 2nd SD strategy, a public
consultation was undertaken in order to receive comments and suggestions of
civil society on the draft long term vision and action plan. Furthermore, the
2nd strategy includes in its action plan several measures to ensure the
participation of civil society.
a detailed documentation of all advisory and participatory councils (for SD and/or the environment) in this country,
please go to the EEAC website at
and click on one of the listed institutions.
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[No information available]
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This Country Profile has been last updated on: Thursday, 07 May 2020
For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.