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Basic information

Year of approval of the
SD strategy and updates

The NSDS, the Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia until 2030 (Latvia 2030), was approved by the government and adopted by the Parliament (Saeima) on June 10th 2010.

Type of SD strategy

The strategy has become the core long-term strategic planning document (until 2030) and includes long-term priorities, respective goals and action lines. The medium-term National Development Plan for 2014-2020 (NDP2020) and sectoral policy planning documents contribute to the implementation of the NSDS. Planning documents of regions and municipalities are to be developed in compliance with the goals of the NSDS and to support implementation of the NSDS.

Lead ministry/institution in
the SD strategy process

Responsibility for the NSDS lies with the Cross-sectoral Coordination Centre, established on December 1st 2011, directly subordinated to the Prime Minister.

Link to the SD strategy

'Strategy for Sustainable Development of Latvia' (2010)

The full list(s) of NSDS objectives can be downloaded here: NSDS browser (2010).

Further information about
the SD strategy process

Cross-sectoral Coordination Centre developed a report on the implementation of Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia which was approved by the Cabinet of Ministers on 4th December 2012. On December 20, 2012, the Parliament (Saeima) approved the National Development Plan for 2014-2020 (NDP2020), which is the medium-term plan for the implementation of Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia.   A key priority is to ensure the implementation of the NDP through the annual medium-term budget planning process, resulting in an allocation of available financing for priority measures included in the NDP to achieve the medium-term performance indicators. 

A combined report on the implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia and the National Development Plan 2014-2020 was presented to the Parliament (Saeima) on October 1, 2015 with an addendum that includes progress on the key indicators.


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National Implementation of 2030 Agenda for SD

Latvia has a well-coordinated planning system. Any changes to the existing NDP as well as new targets, actions and measures for the next NDP will be introduced through mid-term reviews of the currently effective policy frameworks and plans. It is during the mid-term reviews that the 2030 Agenda for SD indicators and targets can be discussed, new actions considered and respective costs assessed. For the NDP2020 the mid-term review will take place in 2017.

The Cross-Sectoral Coordination Centre has developed an assessment of the 169 targets against the national policy planning documents. First, the SDGs are divided in the three main groups (apply to domestic policy, development cooperation, global issues). Second, the responsible institution and, if applicable, institutions with shared responsibility are identified. The goals solely applicable to development cooperation (bilateral or multilateral) are mapped. Third, the SDG indicators for each of the targets are mapped against the Latvia2030 and NDP2020 performance indicators. Fourth, the responsible institution gives opinion regarding the need to include the non-existent or partially covered SDG indicators in NDP2020 or the next NDP. Last, possible discussion issues are noted.

A preliminary comparison of the 2030 Agenda sub-goals to targets and performance indicators in current Latvian policy documents reveals that Latvia already has many domestic level indicators with targets that match the 2030 Agenda goals and targets.

The development of new planning tools or processes at the regional and local level has not been envisaged for the near future, since the existing ones are comprehensive, extensive and sufficient.

Both the localized SDG targets and the assessment thereof will be integrated into the medium term planning system.

Latvia’s policy-making process is inclusive, and cooperation is ongoing at many different levels. When ministries begin work on policy documents, they usually inform the public via their web-sites; they also have working groups and standing committees on issues dealing with development. All policy documents are published on the Cabinet of Minister’s website before being accepted and are open to comments from interested stakeholders in an inclusive negotiation process. A monthly meeting takes place between the Prime Minister and the interested NGOs. Latvia’s plans of mainstreaming the SDGs in the planning process were presented and discussed at these meetings. The Cross- Sectoral Coordination Centre and line ministries respond to requests from NGOs, the UNESCO Latvian National Committee and other non-state actors about future plans.  NGOs will be providing information on their roles in implementing the NDP2020, which already includes many targets in line with the SDGs.  Data and analysis is shared by the academic sector. The Employers’ Confederation and the Confederation of Trade Unions participate regularly in policy discussions, and they are also members, together with representatives of the academia, in the National Development Council. Therefore, no formal partnerships will be signed, since this would rather exclude stakeholders than guarantee inclusivity in the national implementation of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.


Leading Ministry and
respective unit

The Cross Sectoral Coordination Centre is responsible for long-term and medium-term planning in the country. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for development cooperation priorities, and Latvia’s positions on global issues are determined by the relevant ministries.

Other ministries involved

All ministries are responsible for mainstreaming the 2030 Agenda in their respective priority areas.

Main contact point for the
implementation process

Links to main websites/
documents on national
implementation of the
2030 Agenda and SDGs

Voluntary National Reviews [No information available]


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Mechanisms of Vertical Integration

National — sub-national linkages

According to the Development Planning System Law, planning regions ensure the co-ordination of development planning documents at local and regional levels and the compliance of development planning documents at the regional level with higher planning documents in accordance with regulations determining the development planning system.

According to the Spatial Development Planning Law, municipalities elaborate sustainable development strategies as the main development planning document. Municipalities also ensure the co-ordination of development planning documents at the local level and compliance with the development planning documents at the regional level.

EU linkages

The renewed EU Strategy for Sustainable Development (EU SDS) that was adopted in June 2006 foresees that Member States bi-annually report about how they address the priorities of the EU SDS. The NSDS was elaborated taking into account goals of the EUSDS as well as development trends at the national and global level. The NSDS priorities are to a large extent aligned with those of the EUSDS. National Development Plan 2014-2020, the medium term planning document aimed at implementing the NSDS, was prepared recognizing the need to integrate other EU policies, in particular, the Cohesion policy and the Europe 2020 Strategy into the planning process.


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Mechanisms of Horizontal Integration

According to the Development Planning System Law, the National Development Council (NDC) is responsible for long-term development planning and assessment of development. National Development Council is chaired by the Prime Minister and includes the minister of education and science, the minister of economics, the minister of finance, the minister of environmental protection and regional development, a representative of the State President, as well as social partners and representatives of the most influential non-governmental organizations.

The functions of the NDC according to the Regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers on the NDC:


  • To ensure planning process of State long-term development
  • To assess implementation of the long-term planning documents and to submit proposals for new development planning documents
  • To submit recommendations to the Cabinet of Ministers on State long-term development priority directions after analysis and evaluation of their potential impacts
  • To submit recommendations to the Cabinet of Ministers on the development planning aspects of the State medium-term budget
  • To discuss relevant structural reforms


Responsibility for the NSDS implementation and overall policy coordination and monitoring at the national level lies with the Cross-sectoral Coordination Centre.  The policy coordination function ensures that ministry and other government entities ensure compliance of their development planning documents with higher level planning documents, as well as with development planning regulations. NSDS and National Development Plan 2014-2020 serve as a reference documents for the Cross-sectoral Coordination Centre to coordinate and ensure compliance of medium-term sectoral policies. The Cross-sectoral Coordination Centre submits proposals on the implementation of national reforms and the redistribution of resources for the implementation of national development priorities and policy guidelines.


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Evaluation and Review

See indicators and monitoring, below.


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Indicators and Monitoring

The set of indicators to monitor sustainable development was set within the NSDS in 2010. The SD indicators are used for the overall assessment of SD in Latvia. Every other year, the Prime Minister reports on progress toward the medium-term national development plan and the NSDS. The report includes indicators and an rating (from -2 to +2) of progress toward achieving the targets. The body of the report includes policy assessments derived from the indicators and other data, academic studies, surveys, expert commentaries, media etc., line ministry assessment and other relevant information, as well as recommendations. The Cabinet of Ministers approved the 1st report on implementing the NSDS and sustainable development on 4th December 2012. A second, combined report on the NSDS and the NDP was approved by the Parliament (Saeima) on October 1st, 2015.


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Latvia’s policy-making process is inclusive, and cooperation is ongoing at many different levels. There was wide public involvement in the preparation of the NSDS in 2010 (and the NDP in 2012). Many regional forums were established as well as a national forum (1000 people, 6 discussions national and regional forums), where specific SD priorities were discussed. The consultations process led to an improvement of the final draft of the strategy. General information on the strategy are presented in an NSDS website. The NSDS was nominated among best twenty entries for the Reinhardt Mohn prize awarded for success in vitalizing enhanced democratic participation. 


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Sub-national activities

At the sub-national level, all planning regions and local municipalities have developed territorial plans. Most of them have approved long-term sustainable development strategies and development programmes, which are elaborated in accordance with SD principles stated in the relevant national legislation, as well as priorities and goals of the NDP and NSDS.


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This Country Profile has been last updated on: Friday, 27 January 2017

For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.


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