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respective SD strategy features:


Basic information

Year of approval of the
SD strategy and updates

NSDS was adopted in 2007 (only available in Portuguese).

Type of SD strategy

NSDS covers all three dimensions of SD.

Lead ministry/institution in
the SD strategy process

Ministry of Agriculture, Sea, Environment and Spatial Planning 

Link to the SD strategy

'Estratégia Nacional de Desenvolvimento Sustentável' (2007) (in Portuguese)

Further information about
the SD strategy process

1º Relatório Bienal de Execução da ENDS 2015 (June 2009) (in Portuguese)


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National Implementation of 2030 Agenda for SD

[No information available]


Leading Ministry and
respective unit
[No information available]
Other ministries involved [No information available]
Main contact point for the
implementation process
[No information available]
Links to main websites/
documents on national
implementation of the
2030 Agenda and SDGs
[No information available]
Voluntary National Reviews


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Mechanisms of Vertical Integration

National — sub-national linkages

Neither local nor regional authorities were directly involved in the development of the NSDS. Representatives of local communities participate in the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (NCESD).

According with the last assessment, regarding 2011, 167 potential Local Agenda 21 processes were identified in Portugal, with the ability to influence about 50% of the Portuguese population.

EU linkages

The renewed EU Strategy for Sustainable Development (EU SDS) that was adopted in June 2006 foresees that Member States bi-annually report about how they address the priorities of the EU SDS. Portugal has published its first national report on implementing the EU SDS in June 2007. The first bi-annual report on implementing the NSDS was submitted to the EC in July 2009.


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Mechanisms of Horizontal Integration

To provide for an integrated and horizontal implementation, the NSDS contains a ‘road map’ that indicates the institutions responsible for each measure. The NSDS also makes cross-references to other plans and action programmes which have to be reviewed following the new guidelines and objectives outlined in the NSDS.

The horizontal mechanisms have two main functions:

coordinating the implementation of the NSDS in the public administration sectors,
reviewing the progress in the implementation of the NSDS.


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Evaluation and Review

Since 2007 a bi-annual review process has been introduced. The last review was undertaken in 2009, which corresponds to the first bi-annual report, submitted to the EC in July 2009.  The second bi-annual report (July 2011) has not yet been published.

The evaluation and review process shall be done in articulation with the National Reform Programme (PNR), the Low-carbon Roadmap and the Environmental Technologies Action Plan (ETAP) Roadmap (now the Eco-innovation Action Plan, as adopted by the European Commission in December 2011).


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Indicators and Monitoring

The development of SD indicators was done by Statistics Portugal, in close collaboration with the organisations of the Ministry of Agriculture, Sea, Environment and Spatial Planning responsible for the monitoring of the NSDS.


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The National Council of Sustainable Development (NCSD) was established in 1997. The NCSD has 36 members: ¼ is appointed by the Government (most often academics) and ¾ by industry, trade unions, environment NGOs and local communities. It is in administrative terms linked to the Ministry of Environment but has an independent secretariat. The President of the NCSD is appointed by the Prime Minister. The NCSD is an advisory body to the Government and Parliament on all SD issues and should act towards consensus-building among the members.

For a detailed documentation of all advisory and participatory councils (for SD and/or the environment) in this country, please go to the EEAC website at and click on one of the listed institutions.


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Sub-national activities

[No information available]


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This Country Profile has been last updated on: Monday, 30 October 2017

For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.


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