On local government level, there has been four comprehensive SD initiatives
that relate to Rio 1992 agreement and Alborg Charter from 1994 and which have
led to led to composing SD action-plans (Local Agenda 21). These initiatives
have involved different stakeholder groups. The strategies have been consulted
with the public and adopted by the local city government. These four
• Kuressaare Agenda 21 (adopted in 1997)
• Tartu Agenda 21 (adopted in 1998)
• Viljandi Agenda 21 (adopted in 2002)
• Pärnu Agenda 21 (adopted in 2004)
Taking SD in broader sense, then lots of SD field initiatives and
activities are implemented through general local development strategies and
local budgets. Most of Estonian cities and local governments have developed
their own long-term development strategies.
Participation of stakeholders in sub-national SD activities
The general practice is that different stakeholder groups are involved in
drafting the important strategies and action plans or they are consulted during
the implementation process. As said before, not all the regions have their own
SD strategies, but most of the SD issues are covered in general regional
Evaluation and review mechanisms at the sub-national levels, also in the
context of your NSDS (plus indicators used on sub-national level).
Concerning the Aalborg process, there are several local governments that
have adopted the Aalborg Treaty – Tartu, Tallinn, Narva, Häädemeeste, Märjamaa.
Local governments, which have joined the Aalborg Treaty, give the overview of
the situation in the baseline review.
Mr. Ott Kasuri from the Association of Estonian
This Country Profile has been last updated on: Tuesday, 05 May 2020
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