ESDN | European Sustainable Development Network
You are here: Home > Country profiles > Vertical integration

Mechanisms of Vertical Integration


National — sub-national linkages

 The municipalities have their own SD strategies, which are required by the Planning Act. These ‘Agenda 21 strategies’ must be renewed every four years. There is no direct link between these strategies and the NSDS. However, an indirect link exists, as the strategies have to be submitted to the Ministry of Environment.

Furthermore, there are several partnerships between the national and sub-national levels, e.g. a Green Public Procurement Partnership. These partnerships are related to the objectives formulated in the NSDS.

In relation to the SDGs, KL (Association of Danish Municipalities) and Danish Regions (associations of the five regions in Denmark) are, as representative organisations for local and regional governments, key stakeholders in terms ofto linking national and local/regional level initiatives, supporting municipalities and regions with resources and knowledge sharing, and influencing legislative and financial frameworks to facilitate decentralised authorities in delivering on the world goals. The associations of Danish Regions and Local Government Denmark are cooperating with the government to fulfil achieve the SDG’s. Their vision is to keep Denmark as a free, prosperous and safe society by continuously incorporating the SDGs into political initiatives. As public authorities, the three parties agree on the need to establish partnerships across society to achieve the SDGs.[1]


[1] Danish Government. Denmark’s implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Voluntary National Review. June 2017. p. 56.



This Country Profile has been last updated on: Wednesday, 27 May 2020

For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.


More information about Denmark




This website is maintained by the
ESDN Office Team at the WU Institute for Managing Sustainability
Imprint | Privacy statement