National — sub-national linkages
For the preparation of the 2002 NSDS as
well as its 2007 Implementation Report to the EU, representatives of local
authorities, civil society, academia, private sector, NGOs etc actively
participated in general or thematic workshops.
difficult financial situation has required the promotion of a new model of development that will serve
citizens’ needs while in parallel respecting the environment as a reserve for
development.To this end the new model, in the form of a green economy in the
context of sustainable development, provides the ability to address the
multifaceted current challenges in the financial, energy, food and
environmental sectors, while fostering sustainable livelihoods and social
cohesion.To name an example, the promotion of renewable energy sources, such as
photovoltaic and wind turbines have been driven. In parallel the new model
serves the fulfillment of requirements
of the aquis communautaire in the environmental sector.
As mentioned above, since 2009 the
Government's structure, objectives and priorities have been redefined and
redesigned in order to foster actual development based on the principles of
“Green Growth”, while adapted to the constaints and international obligations .
To this end, MEECC has drawn up a revised National Strategy on “Green Growth”
for growth and sustainable development respecting the environment, while
responding to actual needs with practical means. This Strategy is also
linked/inspired of to the recent Europe 2020 EU Strategy.
More specifically, it aims at:
of development investments
the production basis of the economy and reinvigorating economic activity
new jobs and reducing unemployment
Its principles and requirements include:
in knowledge-base expansion
in new technologies
The Strategy introduces a cross-sectoral approach.
The priority sectors encompassed include:
/ infrastructure development
· Energy /promotion
of renewable energy
The thematic pillars of the Strategy are
four and include:
climate change challenges and transition to a competitive low-carbon economy
(e.g. by promoting the penetration of RES, energy saving and energy demand
management, increase of energy efficiency etc);
management of natural resources (e.g. integrated management of ecosystems and
biodiversity, water and forest resources, risk planning and management,
rehabilitation and landscape preservation);
of quality of life based on an environmental-friendly approach (e.g.
improvement of social and productivity cohesion, revitalizing of rural and
degraded urban areas, sustainable mobility, integrated waste management etc);
of institutional tools and mechanisms for environmental governance (e.g.
reinforcement of inspection instruments, improvement of public access to
environmental information, education and awareness raising etc).
The Law 4014/2011 considerably contributes to the implementation of the
above-mentioned aims through the procedural simplification of the environmental
permitting process of projects and activities.
More specifically, Law 4014/2011 aims at
accelerating environmental permitting and licensing procedures, decentralizing
competencies for environmental licencing, reducing bureaucratic and
administrative burdens, enhancing transparency and promoting stakeholder
participation in decision making. To this end, the following steps/tools are
1. Standardisation of the administrative
procedure for the approval, renewal or amendment of the decision setting the
environmental terms for the operation of activities and projects.
2. Minimisation of the number of competent
Ministries involved in the permitting procedure.
3. New classification of projects and activities
based on their environmental impact and introduction of Standardised Environmental
Specifications for the permitting of low-impact installations.
4. Improvement of the administrative structure of
environmental licensing services by establishing a single licensing authority
at central level under the Ministry of Environment.
5. Introduction of dispute resolution councils dealing with particular
cases, both at central/Ministry of Environment level, as well as at regional
of a Digital Environmental Registry enhancing public access to environmental
Moreover, at the time being , it is ongoing the
evaluation and revision of the regional spatial plans of the 12 Regions in
Greece (except Attica).
adopted the European Union’s ten-year growth strategy (EU 2020). The aim of
this Strategy is to address the
shortcomings of the European growth model and create the conditions for a
different type of growth that is smarter (through the development of knowledge and
innovation), more sustainable (based on a greener, more resource efficient and
more competitive economy) and more inclusive (aimed at strengthening employment and
social and territorial cohesion).
For the preparation of the NSRF 2014-2020,
the Greek Partnership Agreement has incorporated the Europe 2020 Strategy’s
targets related to:
- 75% of the
population aged 20-64 should be employed.
- 3% of the EU’s GDP
should be invested in R&D.
- The «20-20-20»
climate / energy targets should be met (including an increase to 30% of
emissions reduction if the conditions are right).
- The share of early
school leavers should be 10% and at least 40% of the younger generation
should have a tertiary degree.
- 20 million less
people should be at risk of poverty.
These EU Strategy targets translated into the
11 thematic objectives of the Common Provision Regulation (1303/2013) and
integrated into the Greek Cohesion Policy 2014-2020.
2009 Review of the EU Sustainable
Development Strategy (EU SDS) http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eussd
This Country Profile has been last updated on: Thursday, 31 January 2019
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