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Mechanisms of Vertical Integration


National — sub-national linkages

  • Agenda 21 is the blueprint for socially, economically and environmentally sustainable development. Governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), industry, and the general public are encouraged to become part of the process. Agenda 21 provides a framework for tackling social and environmental problems, including air, water and soil pollution, deforestation, biodiversity loss, health, population trends, poverty, energy consumption, waste production, and transport issues. The principles of sustainable development must lie at the heart of any local strategy. LA21 regards sustainable development as a community issue, involving all sections of society, community groups, businesses, and ethnic minorities. Providing the opportunity for everyone to get involved, releases new resources of enthusiasm, talent and expertise that are vital to achieve sustainable development.  LA 21 focuses on social, economic, and environmental issues and develops solutions to problems through encouraging better, more efficient practices. Sustainable development is achievable without sacrificing the quality of life, but rather by learning to think more creatively and to adopt a more sustainable behavior.
  • National Environmental Action Plan. The National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP), drawn up in 1995 was updated in compliance with the National Plan for the Adoption of the Acquis Communitaire in order to provide a key instrument for setting the measures within the European integration process. In August 1998, by Governmental Decision, an Inter-Ministerial Committee has come into existence in order to implement the NEAP which requires the integration of environmental policies within those of other sectors (industry, agriculture, transport, physical planning and health). The latest version of the National Environmental Action Plan was elaborated in 2011.
  • The regional and local environment action plans. The aim of the Regional and Local Environmental Action Plan is to update the planning tools on the regional and local level in the field of environmental protection. Thus it contributes to the definition of a regional and local strategy of sustainable development.

EU linkages

The renewed EU Strategy for Sustainable Development (EU SDS) that was adopted in June 2006 foresees that Member States bi-annually report about how they address the priorities of the EU SDS. Romania has published its first national report on implementing the EU SDS in summer 2007.


This Country Profile has been last updated on: Monday, 27 May 2013

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More information about Romania




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