National — sub-national linkages
For the 2002
NSDS, ‘reference groups’ were established. These groups involved a number of
different stakeholders, including sub-national representatives. Ahead of the
2004 NSDS revision municipal and county councils, government authorities and
individual citizens in Sweden were invited to contribute their views. The amended
strategy from 2006 was developed by four different working groups with
participation from different ministries. A coordination unit for sustainable
development, with staff from five ministries led and coordinated the work of SD
in the government offices.
elaborated Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) presents a set of indicators,
developed by Statistics Sweden and a working group that involved cooperation
between political levels. In the development of the SD indicators a ‘reference
group’ of stakeholders was established as well, to contribute to important work
of defining meaningful indicators. The main objective of the indicators is to measure
the SD activities of local authorities in order to compare them (benchmarking)
i.e. the indicators are meant to be used at local level.
for SD, which existed between 2005-2007, was a platform for the link between
the different political levels. The Council had about 12 members, including one
representative of the sub-national levels. The Council organised seminars and
regular exchange between the different political levels. The Commission on SD
replaced the Council 2007-2009.
conferences, the so-called ‘Envision’ conferences, take place biannually. They
have been organised by the City of Västerås, the County Council and the
Regional Administrative Board of Västmanland in cooperation with the Ministry
of Environment, the Association of Municipalities and other sub-national
stakeholders. The conferences function as a platform for exchange and offers a possibility
of cooperation between the political levels.
has appointed a Delegation for Sustainable Cities for a two-year period 2008 –
10. The delegation will bring together government, industry and municipalities
in a national platform for sustainable urban development. The aim is to
stimulate urban development projects that both serve to enhance the environment
and climate change mitigation as well as to facilitate Swedish environmental
technologies export. The ambition is that by using advanced technologies and
good planning achieve visions for future cities and sustainable housing
solutions in individual neighbourhoods, districts and local communities.
In 2000 the Government summoned a National Committee to implement and
develop Agenda 21 and Habitat. The committee submitted its final report in 2003.
The report describes future challenges and proposed measures. Currently the
municipalities work on LA 21 initiatives. However, several of the
municipalities are developing more comprehensive SD strategies.
Sweden has 16
environmental quality objectives for the future state of the national environment.
These goals – adopted by the Swedish Parliament, the Riksdag – are intended to
ensure that, within one generation, the country’s major environmental problems
have been solved. The environmental quality objectives describe a state of the
environment that is sustainable in the long term. They are a promise to future
generations of clean air, healthy living environments and rich contact with
The objectives have served as
signposts for environmental action in Sweden since 1999. In June 2010 the
Swedish Parliament adopted a Government bill on a new target structure for
environmental work, a new organisation and a new basis for assessment of the
environmental quality objectives A Parliamentarian committee has been set up to
advise the Government on how the environmental quality objectives can be
reached. The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for the
follow-up of the objectives.
In 2008 the Swedish government
presented six identified global challenges that constitute the base of a policy
for global development. The policy is formulated in a communication Global Challenges –Our responsibility that addresses the question of how Sweden effectively can contribute to
equitable, sustainable global development that will enable poor people to benefit
more fully from the globalization process. The policy for global development includes effective development
cooperation of high
quality and a coherence
policy embracing all policy areas.
The Government Offices in Sweden is working in accordance with the policy to
undertake coherent action to achieve the policy’s objective of promoting
equitable and sustainable global development. The aim is helping poor countries
to meet challenges specific to them, promoting synergies between policy areas,
remedying policies that hold up development in Sweden and the EU as well as tackling
global challenges that hinder equitable and sustainable development.
EU Strategy for Sustainable Development (EU SDS) that was adopted in June 2006
foresees that Member States bi-annually report on how they address the
priorities of the EU SDS. Sweden has published its first national report on
implementing the EU SDS in June 2007. During the Swedish Presidency of the
European Union a follow up of the EU SDS was made and a report was submitted to
This Country Profile has been last updated on: Tuesday, 26 June 2012
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